156.3 N666
A brain for numbers. [electronic resource] The biology of the number instinct. --
Imp / Ed.:
Cambridge, MA, Estados Unidos : MIT Press, c2019.
1 recurso electrónico (391 p.)
I. Conceptual foundations. -- 1. Thinking about numbers. -- 2. Numerical concepts, representations, and systems. -- II. Numbers deeply rooted in our ancestry. -- 3. Understanding numbers across the animal tree of life. -- 4. The utility of number for animals. -- 5. Biological heritage in the human brain. -- III. Numerical quantity in the brain. -- 6. Localizing numerical quantity representations in the human brain. -- 7. Number neurons. -- IV. Number symbols. -- 8. Signs for numbers. -- 9. Neural foundations of counting and number symbols. -- 10. The calculating brain. -- 11. Space and number. -- V. Development. -- 12. The developing number brain. -- 13. Developmental dyscalculia. -- VI. The brain departing from empirical reality. -- 14. The magical number zero. --
How our intuitive understanding of numbers is deeply rooted in our biology, traceable through both evolution and development. Humans 'understanding of numbers is intuitive. Infants are able to estimate and calculate even before they learn the words for numbers. How have we come to possess this talent for numbers? In A Brain for Numbers, Andreas Nieder explains how our brains process numbers. He reports that numerical competency is deeply rooted in our biological ancestry; it can be traced through both the evolution of our species and the development of our individual minds. It is not, as it has been traditionally explained, based on our ability to use language. We owe our symbolic mathematical skills to the nonsymbolic numerical abilities that we inherited from our ancestors. The principles of mathematics, Nieder tells us, are reflections of the innate dispositions wired into the brain. Nieder explores how the workings of the brain give rise to numerical competence, tracing flair for numbers to dedicated “number neurons” in the brain. Drawing on a range of methods including brain imaging techniques, behavioral experiments, and twin studies, he outlines a new, integrated understanding of the talent for numbers. Along the way, he compares the numerical capabilities of humans and animals, and discusses the benefits animals reap from such a capability. He shows how the neurobiological roots of the brain's nonverbal quantification capacity are the evolutionary foundation of more elaborate numerical skills. He discusses how number signs and symbols are represented in the brain; calculation capability and the “neuromythology” of mathematical genius; the “start-up tools” for counting and developmental of dyscalculia (a number disorder analogous to the reading disorder dyslexia); and how the brain processes the abstract concept of zero.
9780262042789 (print version)
9780262354318 (e-book)
Descripción basada en la versión de este registro: EBSCO 2283566.
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Ludwig von Mises - Internet - Tiempo de préstamo: 3 días - Item: 204331 - (EN LÍNEA)